first

first
first1 W1S1 [fə:st US fə:rst] adj
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1¦(in a series)¦
2 for the first time
3¦(main)¦
4 in the first place
5 in the first instance
6 at first glance/sight
7 first things first
8 (at) first hand
9 first prize/place
10 first choice
11 first thing
12 at first light
13 make the first move
14 not have the first idea about something
15 the first flush of something
16¦(job title)¦
17 first among equals
18 of the first water
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[: Old English; Origin: fyrst]
1.) ¦(IN A SERIES)¦
coming before all the other things or people in a series
Ella was his first girlfriend.
the first thing/time/day etc
The first time I flew on a plane I was really nervous.
In the first year, all students take five courses.
John said the first thing that came into his head.
This was the first step towards achieving a peace agreement.
There's a meeting on the first Monday of every month.
the first two/three/few etc
I only read the first two chapters of the book.
It rained during the first few days of the trip.
The first and last mountain I climbed was Mount Rundle in Banff (=it was the only mountain I ever climbed) .
2.) for the first time
used to say that something has never happened or been done before
For the first time in his life he felt truly happy.
The survey revealed that, for the first time, there are more women in the workplace than men.
Not for the first time she wondered how he coped with so many children.
3.) ¦(MAIN)¦
most important
Our first priority is to maintain the standard of work.
As I see it, my first responsibility is to my family.
4.) in the first place
a) used to talk about the beginning of a situation, or the situation before something happened
Why did you agree to meet her in the first place?
He wouldn't have given you the job in the first place if he didn't think you could do it.
b) written used to give the first in a list of reasons or points
Her success was secured by two factors. In the first place, she had the support of managers.
5.) in the first instance
formal at the start of a situation or series of actions
The appointment of research officer will be for two years in the first instance.
Enquiries should be made in the first instance to the Human Resources Director.
6.) at first glance/sight
the first time that you look at someone or something, before you notice any details
At first glance the twins look identical.
At first sight, there didn't appear to be much damage.
love at first sight atlove2 (2)
7.) first things first
used to say that something should be done or dealt with first because it is the most important
8.) (at) first hand
if you see, experience, hear etc something at first hand, you see, experience etc it yourself, not through other people
Many people have seen the horrors of war at first hand.
9.) first prize/place
the prize that is given to the best person or thing in a competition
win/take first prize
She won first prize in a painting competition.
first prize/place of
There is a first prize of £10,000.
10.) first choice
the thing or person you like best
John was our first choice as a name for the baby.
11.) first thing
as soon as you get up in the morning, or as soon as you start work
I'll call you first thing tomorrow.
We're leaving first thing.
12.) at first light
literary very early in the morning
The search will resume at first light tomorrow.
13.) make the first move
to be the person who starts to do something when someone else is too nervous, embarrassed etc to do it
He was glad she had made the first move and kissed him.
14.) not have the first idea about sth also not know/understand the first thing about sth
to not know anything about a subject, or not know how to do something
I wouldn't have the first idea about what to do in that situation.
I don't know the first thing about cars.
15.) the first flush of sth
the beginning of a good period of time when you are young, successful etc
be in the first flush of passion/youth etc
He was no longer in the first flush of youth.
The first flush of enthusiasm had passed.
16.) ¦(JOB TITLE)¦
used in the title of someone's job or position to show that they have a high rank
the first officer
the First Lord of the Admiralty
17.) first among equals
someone who is officially on the same level as other people but really has more power
18.) of the first water
old-fashioned of the highest quality
first 2
first2 adv
1.) before anything or anyone else
Cindy and Joe arrived first.
An extra five points will be given to the team that finishes first.
First of all we'd better make sure we've got everything we need.
2.) before doing anything else, or before anything else happens
I'll join you in a minute but I need to make a phone call first.
3.) done for the first time
The book was first published in 2000.
4.) at the beginning of a situation or activity
When we were first married we lived in Toronto.
We first became friends when we worked together.
5.) [sentence adverb] also first of all
used before saying the first of several things you want to say
= ↑firstly
First, I'd like to thank everyone for coming.
6.) first off informal
a) before doing anything else
First off I'd like you all to fill in an evaluation sheet.
b) used before saying the first of several things you want to say, especially when you are annoyed
First off I didn't agree with the comments in your email.
7.) first up
BrE spoken informal used to introduce the first thing you are going to talk about, or the first thing that is going to happen
First up is the Blues song 'Mississippi Lad'.
8.) put sb/sth first
to consider someone or something as the most important person or thing
We need to choose energy policies that put the environment first.
Businesses should always put the customer first.
9.) come first
a) to be the most important person or thing to someone
The care and well-being of patients should always come first.
As far as I'm concerned, the children come first.
come first with
Business always came first with Luke.
b) to win a competition
come first in
The choir came first in all sections of the competition.
10.) first and foremost
used to emphasize the most important quality, purpose, reason etc
Dublin is thought of first and foremost for its literary heritage.
11.) first and last
used to emphasize that something is the most important thing or quality
She regarded herself as a teacher first and last, not a writer.
12.) first come, first served
used to say that something will be given to the people who ask for it first, when there is not enough for everyone
Tickets will be allocated on a first come, first served basis .
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WORD CHOICE: first, first of all, firstly, at first
Use first , first of all , or firstly to introduce the first item in a list of two or more points, instructions etc : First, make sure the screws are securely fixed in position. Then attach the wire. | The plan was not practical, firstly because of the cost, and secondly because local people did not support it.
Use first or first of all to say what happens first in a series of actions : First I fed the baby. Then I made myself a sandwich.
Use at first to say what happened at the beginning of a period of time, when this changed later : At first I was nervous, but I soon started to relax .
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first 3
first3 n
1.) at first
used to talk about the beginning of a situation, especially when it is different now
At first, Gregory was shy and hardly spoke.
I felt quite disappointed at first.
2.) [C usually singular]
something that has never happened or been done before
first for
The 3-0 defeat was a first for the team.
These results are firsts in the history of women's athletics.
'I think he'll agree to it.' 'That will be a first .'
3.) from the (very) first
from the beginning of a situation
I was against the idea from the first.
I should have known from the first that the relationship would never work.
4.)
the highest mark you can get in a university ↑degree in Britain
Helen got a first in Law.
5.) [U]
the lowest ↑gear in a car or other vehicle, that you use when moving slowly
= ↑first gear in first
You should be in first on a hill like this.
He put the car into first and roared away.
first 4
first4 pron
1.) the first
the first person to do something, or the first thing to happen
There are now many similar housing projects but this was the first.
We hope this year's festival will be the first of many .
the first to do sth
I always thought my sister would be the first to get married.
James was the first to arrive.
2.) the first I knew/heard
used when you have just discovered something that other people already know, and you are slightly annoyed
The first I knew he was in Chicago was when I got an email from him.
the first I knew/heard of/about
The first I knew about it was when Tony called me this morning.
3.) the First
spoken used after the name of a king, queen, or Pope when other later ones have the same name
Queen Elizabeth the First (=written as Queen Elizabeth I)

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • First — (f[ e]rst), a. [OE. first, furst, AS. fyrst; akin to Icel. fyrstr, Sw. & Dan. f[ o]rste, OHG. furist, G. f[ u]rst prince; a superlatiye form of E. for, fore. See {For}, {Fore}, and cf. {Formeer}, {Foremost}.] 1. Preceding all others of a series… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • First — or 1st is the ordinal form of the number one. It can also refer to:* FIRST, a science and technology competition founded by Dean Kamen * FIRST (CERT), Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams * Ruth First (1925 1982), a leading anti… …   Wikipedia

  • First TV — was the name of a cable television network that was operated in New Zealand s two main North Island cities, Auckland and Wellington by Telecom New Zealand in the 1990s.Trial stage First Media was a stupidly owned subsidiary of Telecom NZ. First… …   Wikipedia

  • First — steht für: die obere Schnittkante von zwei Dachflächen, siehe Dachfirst eine Reihe von Gipfeln eines Gebirges, siehe Gebirgskamm in der Geologie die Schicht im unmittelbaren Kontakt zum Bezugshorizont, siehe Hangendes im Bergbau für das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • First. (EP) — First is Denise Ho s debut album.Infobox Album Name = first. (EP) Version 1 Type = EP Longtype = Artist = Denise Ho Released = March 28, 2001 Recorded = Genre = Cantopop Length = Label = Capital Artists Limited Producer = Reviews = Last album =… …   Wikipedia

  • FIRST — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le mot anglais first (premier) peut faire référence à : The First, comics américain Frist (casques), nom d un fabriquant de casques de moto. First… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • First — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda First Single por Lindsay Lohan del Álbum Speak Lanzado 30 de agosto, 2005 Formato CD Maxi Single Descarga Grabación 2004 …   Wikipedia Español

  • First — (f[ e]rst), adv. Before any other person or thing in time, space, rank, etc.; much used in composition with adjectives and participles. [1913 Webster] Adam was first formed, then Eve. 1 Tim. ii. 13. [1913 Webster] {At first}, {At the first}, at… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • FIRST — First  общеупотребительное английское слово, которое может переводиться как первый, ближайший, самый ранний, лучший, главный, начало, ранее, сначала и т. д. В силу позитивности звучания и значения часто используется в аббревиатурах …   Википедия

  • First — First, n. (Mus.) The upper part of a duet, trio, etc., either vocal or instrumental; so called because it generally expresses the air, and has a pre[ e]minence in the combined effect. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • First — First, so v.w. Firste …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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